The 2000 year old honey cake from Pompeii | How To Cook That Ann Reardon

2000 year old cake recipe from Pompeii! This video was requested by my Patrons, join them and vote on future episodes here: patreon.com/h2ct
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Hi I am Ann Reardon, How to Cook That is my youtube channel it is filled with crazy sweet creations made just for you. This week I am attempting to recreate a 2000 year old honey cake recipe from Pompeii. This cake is high fibre, low fat and egg free. Join me for creative cakes, chocolate & desserts, new video every Friday.
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  1. Banoffee Bunny

    Banoffee Bunny

    Yil oldin

    That's so interesting! In Italy we call "lievito" both yeast and baking powder, so the baking powder mentioned in the original recipe might have been yeast, but it was misinterpreted when translated (if it was translated from the italian version of the website or from a recipe written in Italian. That sounds plausible!) We call baking powder "lievito in polvere" or "lievito per dolci", when we need to be specific. That roughly means "powdered yeast" and "yeast for desserts", so I think it comes natural for most of us to translate "lievito" in a cake recipe with "baking powder".

    • Mike's Micro Shop

      Mike's Micro Shop

      2 oy oldin

      Yeast was not something that they has a clue about at that time! They would just let things sit out and they found that magically stuff would ferment like wine and beer! As for baked goods the best you can do for that period of time is they used Eggs as a livening agent and and knew about sourdough, they had Barm from beer fermentation and a kind of yeast from the foam from the skins of wine grapes but that was just about it.

    • Silver Bat

      Silver Bat

      2 oy oldin

      @KaenRyuu Art They probably consider it cake. Remember they wouldn't have much sugarcane? These days we eat way more sugar, especially refined sugar.

    • missvidabom


      8 oy oldin

      Also, because Pompeii was a port town and had people of all walks of life, cultures, and languages, it is possible pronunciation and language there became intermixed.

    • Francesco Anastasio

      Francesco Anastasio

      8 oy oldin

      @Hudson M K-pronunciation was used in formal contexts ("classic pronunciation") and the CH-pronunciation was the common one. We know this by studying some texts that for some reason describe the pronunciation of certain words or accent, and by analyzing rhymes from poetries. Some anglo-saxon academic disputed this at one point, but they never prooved it wrong so we usually adopt the CH-like one.

    • Nina Maguire

      Nina Maguire

      9 oy oldin

      Thats really cool

  2. LayLayTheWolfie


    5 kun oldin


  3. Bold Workz

    Bold Workz

    6 kun oldin

    79Ad....9 years after Jerusalem fell

  4. Mosept Yagami

    Mosept Yagami

    7 kun oldin

    It’s crazy that in the past they’d do all these crazy things just to get one item, (Ie. A massive chiseled stone piece for decor) but if you asked anyone here and let them use modern technology I doubt they’d do it

  5. Edward Franks

    Edward Franks

    7 kun oldin

    I have made this recipe twice. Without eggs and olive oil it's not very good. Romans would have used grape must boiled down by one third, half, two thirds. You can buy this in Middle Eastern markets and is called grape syrup. If you use wine it will kill the baking powder. A touch of cinnamon helps.

  6. Giulia Asti

    Giulia Asti

    8 kun oldin

    "Dulcia piperata" literally means "Pepper dessert", so this recipe was definitely retouched by a modern hand. Here's an original recipe for dulcia piperata I found in "De Re Coquinaria" by Marcus Gavius Apicius: "Piper, nucleos, mel, rutam et passum teres, cum lacte et tracta coques. Coagulum coque cum modicis ovis. Perfusum melle , piper apersum inferes." Which translates to: "You will grind pepper, pine nuts, honey, rue and straw wine, you will cook it with milk and (puff) pastry. Cook the mixture with few eggs. You will serve after having sprinkled it with pepper and honey." I think it would be interesting trying to recreate it with these ingredients and without proper measurements, I might have to try it!

  7. Flora


    10 kun oldin

    Ann is so dedicated to the authenticity of these recipes and I think it's awesome

  8. Daniel Surya chandra

    Daniel Surya chandra

    12 kun oldin

    I think ann forgot the white grape juice

  9. Cracker


    12 kun oldin

    I LOVE the narrator's voice.

  10. SPNG TV


    14 kun oldin

    Sorry. You didn’t harvest the honey from bee hives and you didn’t hand grind the cinnamon 🤔 Don’t even get me started on the WINE! IDK if I can trust you after seeing these shortcuts! 😒

  11. クーチー駆逐艦Ethan


    15 kun oldin

    hi im 14 and i was wondering if this is ok to eat because of the wine

  12. La Angel

    La Angel

    15 kun oldin

    With what can we replace the milk? I can’t eat diary products :(

  13. LongLiveHarryPotter7


    18 kun oldin

    The reason the term “daily grind” exists, is because it’s referring to the daily chore of making flour for bread,

  14. LongLiveHarryPotter7


    18 kun oldin

    I want to go to Pompeii so bad!

  15. Kamna Laghate

    Kamna Laghate

    18 kun oldin

    Can you suggest what I can use instead of wine? I don't drink🙊

  16. Amir Nazha

    Amir Nazha

    19 kun oldin

    my dad made this exact recipe!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! it is sooooooooooooooooooo tasty!

  17. rachel newport

    rachel newport

    19 kun oldin

    😭😭😭😭😭 My cake didnt rise and ive set it aside for 30 minutes now... Could you say how long you let it rise, and how?

  18. Amber Rose

    Amber Rose

    25 kun oldin

    Hello old lady Ann,. notice me:-P

  19. Laisa hh

    Laisa hh

    28 kun oldin

    I wonder how it would've been like today if the volcano didn't erupt, or if the ash didn't preserve the place.

  20. Ishika Surnam

    Ishika Surnam

    Oy oldin

    That's way too much baking powder, it should be ⅓ of the quantity you used

  21. ShadowCat11


    Oy oldin

    The hushed entrance formally manage because license ecologically announce of a attractive parentheses. omniscient, puzzling sink

  22. Mandarina Dreux

    Mandarina Dreux

    Oy oldin

    So during lockdown I've learned how to make my own sourdough starter, and that's why I think, the batter would have been left to ferment for a bit. The flour and the grape wine / juice would just naturally create a wild yeast sourdough and if you pop the cakes in the oven then, they'd rise. Sure, people didn't have baking powder or a nice sachet of dry yeast but damn, people knew how to make bread! It's, like, the oldest staple of humanity besides beer/wine xD I think we've actually lost a lot of that knowledge to be fair...

  23. Kamala 7

    Kamala 7

    Oy oldin

    wouldn’t you dry the rosemary first then ground it?

  24. SarahLaLaLa


    Oy oldin

    My mom has a modern wheat mill. I'd like to get one too as I have a 5-lb bucket of whole wheat that'll need grinding

  25. Burris Streaming

    Burris Streaming

    Oy oldin

    going by the picture I would say the one with no yeast is closer. notice in the picture how it looks more like a pie than a cake. the height versus the width says to me there was little or no rising involved. also things back then were more dense, even if you go back 200 years this holds true. plus like you said the first one was more fruity tasting and that was what was considered a sweet in ye olden times.

  26. yasmin7903


    Oy oldin

    Wait, ground cinnamon? Shouldn't that be done by hand too? (JK)

  27. TheBerk01


    Oy oldin

    This was literally the dish of the elite. Cinnamon in Europe was only ever imported from traders in Egypt until about 1500 years after Pompeii was buried. It was available, but noone knew where it really came from, so it was probably stupidly expensive. Any recipe calling for its use, well...

  28. Micky Deery

    Micky Deery

    Oy oldin

    a sourdough starter would've been a much better fit also raw honey but i know that one's a bit more of a pain to find

  29. LadySummerisle


    Oy oldin

    People used natron, which contains sodium bicarbonate, prior to the invention of baking powder. Perhaps that's what the Romans would've used. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natron

  30. Yi Xuan Fang

    Yi Xuan Fang

    Oy oldin

    next video the 200000 birthday cake XD

  31. marqimoth


    Oy oldin

    this is from 19

  32. Angel Humphrey

    Angel Humphrey

    Oy oldin

    There's actually a plack that states pompeii want destroyed until the late 1600's. It wasn't lost to history because lots of maps have it and the surrounding cities, mountains and rivers on them. The aqueduct system was installed before it was destroyed in the 1400's.

  33. Bee High!

    Bee High!

    Oy oldin

    I almost forgot i was watching cakegoddess Ann Reardon, until the vid got to 01:32 when i LoL'ed and liked

  34. Emirie Bois

    Emirie Bois

    Oy oldin

    Flour are supposed to age ?! Not consummed fresh?!

  35. L Potter

    L Potter

    Oy oldin

    This video is... GOLD

  36. Chalie MarshaII

    Chalie MarshaII

    Oy oldin


  37. Rohaldos


    Oy oldin

    Romans did have corn 1:02 . Corn started to be popular specially in northern Italy after Columbus discovered the American continent. Corn was not an European plant. I love your channel :) . Thank you for sharing this.

  38. Abigale Reich

    Abigale Reich

    Oy oldin

    I'm love history, but I'm also celiac. You see my problem?

  39. The Angriest Cat In The World

    The Angriest Cat In The World

    Oy oldin

    Blimey, your comment section is brilliant!! 💙

  40. Nathalia G

    Nathalia G

    Oy oldin

    Can we talk about how she tries to make these as similar to the older ones like grounding the rosemary, almonds, and wheat (she tried to at least)?

  41. Livu S

    Livu S

    Oy oldin

    (am just so angry when a lot of dough srays in the biwl) but am loving tgese vids 🤩

  42. Ray D Greenwald

    Ray D Greenwald

    2 oy oldin

    Just want to say I made this for my professor pre pandemic and he loved it!

  43. -Lime• •gacha-

    -Lime• •gacha-

    2 oy oldin


  44. -Lime• •gacha-

    -Lime• •gacha-

    2 oy oldin

    I use a wood burning stove to cook

  45. Michelle Super

    Michelle Super

    2 oy oldin

    how about Cream of tartar

  46. Mike's Micro Shop

    Mike's Micro Shop

    2 oy oldin

    On your Quern you were letting to much wheat down the hole at a time. Try just a few kernels at a time and see how it does. To many will easily lift the stone and it will not work as the weight of the stone is spread over to many at a time.

  47. Mike's Micro Shop

    Mike's Micro Shop

    2 oy oldin

    They were most likely made with honey, eggs, and spelt flour. they used Eggs as a livening agent and and knew about sourdough, they had Barm from beer fermentation and a kind of yeast from the foam from the skins of wine grapes but that was just about it.

  48. gwammeh


    2 oy oldin

    Tried this today. It was a very enriching experience but I don’t think this recipe (or the end product) was for me, haha. Glad I tried it but I’ll leave this one to you!

  49. ꧁{ Vivian • Seoung }꧂

    ꧁{ Vivian • Seoung }꧂

    2 oy oldin

    Did anyone else see how the three bowls looked like the powerpuff girls?

  50. Shi min Pang

    Shi min Pang

    3 oy oldin

    I think you forgot the white grape juice

  51. Gh0style


    3 oy oldin

    im surpised women in medieval paintings weren't depicted as toned/muscular bc if they had to grind everything they needed to use to cook they probably were

  52. Bantal Hotel

    Bantal Hotel

    3 oy oldin

    I cant believe i missed this!!! I thought this is the new video 😭😭😭

  53. Frank Boogaard

    Frank Boogaard

    4 oy oldin

    Passum is pretty easy to make. Just use raisin pulp instead of fresh grapes to make the brew

  54. Frank Boogaard

    Frank Boogaard

    4 oy oldin

    Tip: When using a Model Grinder use little teeny amounts of kernels. That is what it was made to handle. Don't fill it up with real world amounts. That is just dumb. (almost as dumb as me having to edit this 3 times because of autocomplete)

  55. TanR Con

    TanR Con

    4 oy oldin

    Cia is said like chia, I sounds like a long E and a is said like ah dool-chia pe-pay-rah-tah

  56. Supernova


    4 oy oldin

    Is love to try these but I'm extremely allergic to nuts

  57. Go Navy

    Go Navy

    4 oy oldin

    What a fascinating video. Excellent!

  58. Fun time with Sai karthika

    Fun time with Sai karthika

    4 oy oldin

    I have a Miller in my village

  59. Selvam


    4 oy oldin

    They would have never used that mill to grind corn. Wheat and other old world grains yes, but not corn. Corn(maize) was only available after America was discovered :) small detail there you over looked.

  60. That Fuzzy Potato

    That Fuzzy Potato

    5 oy oldin

    This intrigued me so I tried it out. I only had cows milk (they would have used goat's if I'm not mistaken) preground wheat flour but I did grind my own almonds and used a sweet white wine since access to parssum was unrealistic and I willa dmit to lacking patience to turn white wine into a pseudo parssum with raisins. And I went with the yeast option for levening I really like this little cake. The rosemary was an interesting flavor addition and I like the texture variety you get with the nuts. This is a treat I will definitely make again! Maybe in the future I can get my paws on more authentic ingredients, but this was a lovely video and I was very excited to make it!

  61. Alan Brott

    Alan Brott

    5 oy oldin

    Not corn. Europeans didn’t have corn until after 1492 when they got it from my ancestors and others.

  62. Prisha Malhotra

    Prisha Malhotra

    5 oy oldin

    So much batter was left in her mixing bowl!

  63. Tamanna G.

    Tamanna G.

    5 oy oldin

    Isn't it insane that what destroyed them also preserved them...

  64. Chorken Borken

    Chorken Borken

    5 oy oldin

    Next Video : 5000 year old meat stew recipes | How to Cook that Ann Reardon

  65. ShariSocial


    5 oy oldin

    Who thumbed down this wholesome video??????? 😂

  66. Angie Steele

    Angie Steele

    5 oy oldin

    The only thing with the baking powder I'm not sure if you did it or not was to use 1/3 of the amount because you split the mixture. Maybe that's why is tasted of baking powder

  67. Drago1995


    5 oy oldin

    im gonna try this maybe for this Christmas

  68. GloryGlory Hole’allelujah

    GloryGlory Hole’allelujah

    5 oy oldin

    Oh yes, I remember my lessons about the Pompeiians being the originators of *”instant dry yeast!”* 😆❤️ If you’re trying to be “authentic,” you GOTTA harvest your own yeast from the environment!

  69. PurpleNiobe


    5 oy oldin

    I'm fascinated with cooking from the past, mostly 19th century but some medieval as well. I've noticed a lot of of recipes seem to add nuts, which I guess proves the theory that nut allergies didn't exist back then. But sometimes I have to modify the recipe to exclude nuts because of my son's nut allergy. I really would like to try this though! A honey cake sounds good!

  70. Joe


    5 oy oldin

    "ground armonds"

  71. Ellinor Silwer

    Ellinor Silwer

    5 oy oldin

    Can not help to compare it with Swedish cheesecake! With almond, little bitter almond, as an important ingredient! No cheese needed, but a bit of the process is done like when cheese is done, with the use of ostlöpe ( Swedish for cheese rennet).

  72. Valentino Quartz

    Valentino Quartz

    5 oy oldin

    1:20 Not Mozaic but Mozayeek😂.



    5 oy oldin

    The instrument you used for grinding is called " திருவை " in South India. We have been using it for centuries. Its utter happiness to see these different types of recipes. Very curious and interesting.

  74. M H

    M H

    5 oy oldin

    They probably used oil to help grind the rosemary and almonds so the cake didn’t need additional oil

  75. Lala


    6 oy oldin

    Very interesting. Im not sure I’d like a cake made with wine. However, this recipe being from 2000 years ago, the Italians knew what they were doing.

  76. Sylvya


    6 oy oldin

    Any Percy Jackson/Heroes of Olympus/trials of Apollo fans hatin' on nero?

  77. S K

    S K

    6 oy oldin

    I made this today. It is really easy and tasty. I made one batch with grape juice, milk and yeast and one batch with 150 ml German Federweisser (fermented grape juice) no milk no yeast or baking powder. Both are good. I also added raisins to one batch and chopped dried apricots to the other. I might try cranberries next.

  78. Honey Tea

    Honey Tea

    6 oy oldin

    i never knew the ruins of Pompeii were so beautiful. I don't know why I imagined them as a wreck. I want to visit there now! This cake would probably go well with some of the wine itself. Great video!

  79. roseberry6202


    6 oy oldin

    No offense to him but it was absolutely Nero that had the cake on a gigantic stand in a villa like that

  80. andrew.


    6 oy oldin

    we need an Anne Readon x Mrs Crocombe collab, then 2020 will finally be good

  81. noabracadabras


    6 oy oldin


  82. who this

    who this

    6 oy oldin

    SMH you kids have it so easy these days🙍‍♀️

  83. ollyboi_


    6 oy oldin

    The honey cake would be pronounced "duhl-key-ah pih-pair-rah-tair".

  84. lara


    6 oy oldin

    I was there just last year! It was absolutely incredible to walk on the literal streets these people used to walk on and hear all about the history!

  85. WaterspoutsOfTheDeep


    6 oy oldin

    It doesn't look like you adjusted the baking powder by a third which would have been an issue.

  86. V V

    V V

    6 oy oldin

    I have heard that heating honey makes it poisonous. So, does adding honey to hot food make it hot? Isn't it bad? I'm just curious to know...

    • Bec Dab

      Bec Dab

      6 oy oldin

      Heating honey most definitely doesn’t make it poisonous, so the cake warming it doesn’t have any detrimental effects whatsoever 😃

  87. Metaller


    6 oy oldin

    It would have been easier to grind dried rosemary in the mortar: you can leave the branches of rosemary tied with a cord under the sunlight for a few days and they'll dry. The smell is almost the same of the fresh one. (P.s.: sorry for my imperfect English, I'm Italian)

  88. Notearslefttocryy


    6 oy oldin

    ok who is the cute boy at the beginning? 😳

  89. LightShard


    6 oy oldin

    I guess its 2001 years old now

  90. Rebecca Campbell

    Rebecca Campbell

    6 oy oldin

    what about using sour milk for a rise, which is what most people did before baking powder (clabber girl = clabbered milk)

  91. Erin McClements

    Erin McClements

    6 oy oldin

    Now i see why cakes were for birthdays only..

  92. Mitchell


    6 oy oldin

    This was the best hangover video

  93. FarhAn Kazi

    FarhAn Kazi

    6 oy oldin

    I really love that you actually try the wayit would have done 2000 years ago like ponding crushing the almond manually and other thing

  94. noneofyour bussiness

    noneofyour bussiness

    7 oy oldin

    looks great but i would only cake flour . whole wheat makes my stop breathing

  95. Trevin Sulentich

    Trevin Sulentich

    7 oy oldin

    I think Ann would be a really good grandmother

  96. Tappychef


    7 oy oldin

    They had corn in Pompeii?🤯

  97. geovani12345


    7 oy oldin

    I Love the way you say "next"



    7 oy oldin

    Chacki pricing and piecing Only indians will understand

  99. Sweeping Time

    Sweeping Time

    7 oy oldin

    So that's how you make wholewheat bread...!

  100. Hunter Anon

    Hunter Anon

    7 oy oldin

    Corn? I thought romans wouldn’t have corn as the America’s wasn’t explored yet